Generally, a number of them align so that the sun will shine through or over the stones in a specific way during the times of the solstices and the vernal and autumn equinox. About a thousand stone circles exist in West Africa, but these are not considered pre-historic like their European counterparts.
Instead, they were constructed as funerary monuments during the eighth to eleventh century. In the Americas, in archeologists discovered a circle in Miami, Florida. However, instead of being made from standing stones, it was formed by dozens of holes bored into the limestone bedrock near the mouth of the Miami River.
Researchers referred to it as a sort of "reverse Stonehenge," and believe it dates back to Florida's pre-Colombian peoples. Another site, located in New Hampshire, is often referred to as " America's Stonehenge ," but there is no evidence that it is pre-historical; in fact, scholars suspect it was assembled by 19th-century farmers.
The earliest known European stone circles appear to have been erected in coastal areas about five Stone Circles - Cousin Silas - The Sky Road (File) years ago in what is now the United Kingdom, during the Neolithic period. There has been much speculation about what their purpose was, but scholars believe that stone circles served several different needs. In addition to being solar and lunar observatories, they were likely places of ceremony, worship and healing.
In some cases, it's possible that the stone circle was the local social gathering place. Stone circle construction seems to have ceased around B.
Synth Caresses. Archived from the original on 4 May Authority control MusicBrainz : 0cf1c1cea6ba-b1ef Categories : births Living people Musicians from Yorkshire Male guitarists. Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Others followed suit well into the Bronze Age.
In all, Higginbottom's team applied their astronomical formula to more than of Scotland's stone circles, finding similar patterns to the sky in each. There's nothing we can see in prehistoric people in other walks of life that suggests Stone Circles - Cousin Silas - The Sky Road (File) had this highly mathematical view of the world.
Although there is no way to know exactly why these stone circles were created, Higginbottom believes it was so people could acknowledge the very places that showed the "permanent representation of their understanding of their universe. That is, they understood the specific cycles of the Sun and Moon, which in turn connected them to nature. An element of astronomical activity may have influenced some stone circles, concedes Kenneth Brophy of the University of Glasgow in Scotland.
But he says we cannot use current applications of science and maths to understand these individuals' motives.
For Brophy, Stone Circles - Cousin Silas - The Sky Road (File), the circles Stone Circles - Cousin Silas - The Sky Road (File) ritual and power. Specific landscapes would have been chosen because they had a special history that people were drawn to. For instance, research has suggested that Callanish was built so that people could view one stone circle from another "in a very stage-managed way," he says. The stones themselves are also revealing.
Callanish was built out of stones with beautiful ripples and patterns, showing Earth's striking properties. It is also clear that stone circles were places where social rituals could have taken place, especially to honour the dead. There is evidence of burials and cremations at some sites, most notably at Stonehenge.
Gordon Noble of the University of Aberdeen specialises in Neolithic archaeology. He says that the ground plans of Stone Circles - Cousin Silas - The Sky Road (File) of Scotland's stone circles are similar to the structures people built for their everyday housing. But instead of being for the living, the stone circles seem to have served the dead. View image of Callanish is one of the UK's oldest stone circles.
He says the people may even have spent more time on structures for the dead than for their own settlements. While some of the sites do appear to have astronomical alignments, such as the recumbent stone circles of north-east Scotland, Noble agrees with Brophy: astronomy alone does not explain how they were made.
Ditch The Itch (DJs Extended) - Bumrush - Ditch The Itch (CD), Mike Squillo & Alex Wright (4) - Mikasa (File), La Standardiste - Cléo (2) - La Standardiste / La Di Di La Di Da (Vinyl), Flametal - NoKTuRNL - Haterz (CD), Апупея - Господин Дадуда - Внедрёж !!! (CD, Album), Ivopry Gate - Herman Frank - Right In The Guts (CD, Album), Mary Wells / Carolyn Crawford* - My Guy / My Smile (Is Just A Frown Turned Upside Down) (Vinyl), Unknown Artist - Collection Bruits Du Coeur: Les Rythmes À Trois Temps 1ère Partie (Vinyl), If You Want - Reptaliens - FM-2030 (CD, Album)